Leigh, lying on the weald below the limestone North Downs, has had various spellings throughout history: Leye, Ladeghe (12th Century), Legh, Leygh (14th Century), Ley (16th Century).
Leigh is not mentioned in Doomsday Book, its name describing a clearing in the woods. It was part of the Earls of Warren estates, but in the time of Richard I it was given to the Prior and Convent of St Mary Southwark. After the dissolution of the religious houses in 1539 Henry VIII granted the manor of Shellwood to Sir Thomas Nevil for the payment of service: one knight's fee.
There are many indications of much iron smelting around Leigh in names such as Pitfield, Blackhole Furnace Field and Ironsbottom. In 1845 a school was built (see "A History of Leigh 1870-1940"), providing education for 40 girls and 40 boys at a fee of 2d per week, and in 1914 it moved to its present site with space for 150 pupils.
Although Leigh boasted three shops, only two operated at any one time.
The general store, incorporating a bakery, was sited opposite the Seven Stars,
and the post office which included a small store, was near the village green
at Orchard Cottage. More recently, the post office and general store
with petrol and a garage were at the Smithy, but this recently closed.
Leigh's history features in a web site of the Surrey History Centre: www.exploringsurreyspast.org.uk
The following pages provide
historical notes from members of Leigh Parish:
Memories of shopping in Leigh
The Honeyball Tapes
Sir Henry Bell of Mynthurst
Some personalities of Leigh
A History of Leigh 1870-1940
The Leigh Bakery
Where the power lay in Leigh 1850 to 1914
The Village Hall or Abbots Pass Hall
The Village Cricket Club
Old Swaynes Farm
Do you have anything to contribute to Leigh's history? Please let us know at firstname.lastname@example.org